PI3Kδ过度活化综合征诊疗进展*
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潘耀柱,E-mail:panyaozhu@163.com

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国家自然科学基金(No:81372132);甘肃省卫生行业科研计划项目(No:GSWSKY-2019-63);后勤保障部应用基础研究项目(No:CLB19J047)


Advances on the diagnosis and treatment of activatedphosphoinositide 3-kinase delta syndrome*
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    摘要:

    PI3Kδ过度活化综合征(APDS)是一种罕见的常染色体显性遗传原发性免疫缺陷病,全球报道该 病例已超300 例。c.3061 G>A(p.E1021K)与c.1425+1 G>(A,C,T)(p.434-475del)为目前热点突变位点。尽管 早期行基因二代测序筛查可缩短确诊时间,但由于APDS 发病率低及高度异质性的临床特点,临床对其识别 率不高,极易被漏诊、误诊,且目前尚无统一的诊疗方法。故该文就近年来有关APDS 的发病机制、诊断和 治疗进展进行综述。

    Abstract:

    Activated phosphoinositide 3-kinase delta syndrome (APDS) is a rare autosomal dominant primary immunodeficiency disease (PID). To date, more than 300 cases have been reported globally. The c.3061 G > A (p. E1021K) and c.1425+1 G > (A, C, T) (p.434-475del) mutations are a research focus currently. Early screening with next-generation sequencing (NGS) can shorten the time to confirmed diagnosis of APDS. However, owing to the low incidence of APDS and the high heterogeneity of clinical features, the recognition of the disease is insufficient; misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis of the disease are commonly seen; and there is no standard diagnosis and treatment framework at present. This paper reviews the advances on pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of APDS in recent years.

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杨夏影,马银娟,潘耀柱. PI3Kδ过度活化综合征诊疗进展*[J].中国现代医学杂志,2021,(6):71-78

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  • 收稿日期:2020-09-23
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